This film illustrates the isolation, creation, and early distribution of the measles vaccine, including the historical background prior to virology. Included are the death rates due to measles; laboratories, scientists, and physicians responsible for the vaccine's creation; testing and distribution; information on how the virus was isolated, weakened, and tested on monkeys and 15,000 people in the U.S., used on 70,000 Upper Volta Africans by PHS, the World Health Organization,and U.S. Armed Forces; and finally licensed in the U.S. Also included are detailed shots of how the vaccine is made from chick embryos which are minced, washed, chemically broken down to cells, filtered, kept alive for 3 weeks with nutrients, and then frozen. Philadelphia Children's Hosp. interior and Boston Children's Hosp. exterior and exterior of Merck, Sharp, and Dohme bldg., West Point, Pa. are shown. Donated piece is 5th release print from A and B roll. Film shot at Children's Hospital in Philadelphia and Boston. Some shots are of African villages.
The National Library of Medicine believes this item to be in the public domain. (More information)
Black and white
John F. Enders, Joseph Stokes, Jr. ; executive producer, Nicholas C. Read ; producer, Joseph Fiorelli ; script, Tom Carroll, Jr. ; editing, Joseph M. Foley ; Samuel Cass, Luther Terry, Robert Wyble, Morris Hillaman, Ronald Halendas, Charles M. Riley ; U.S. Public Health Service ; world relief map courtesy of Aero Service Corp. ; historic stills, Bettmann Archive, Inc.
Received: Dec. 4, 1986 as a donation from Nicholas C. Read.