Research published in 2012 by Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority analysts determined that nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) affected more people than ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and was as lethal as, and more costly than, VAP. This article updates the Authority's original data set, using the same methods and outcome measures. Analysts queried the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) for complete nosocomial pneumonia data sets from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2016, inclusive of the total inpatient population for Pennsylvania acute-care facilities. Data sets from the Authority's original data (from January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2012) are included for comparison. The analysis found not only that NV-HAP continues to be as lethal as VAP but that it demonstrates higher incidence and is more costly as a whole.
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