(1) Among those using medical care, mean per person out-of-pocket expenditures for the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized adult population who had multiple chronic conditions were more than double for those adults who had no or one chronic condition. (2) White, non-Hispanic adults with multiple chronic conditions had the highest per person out-of-pocket expenditures in comparison to black non-Hispanic, Hispanic, Asian non-Hispanic, and other non-Hispanic adults with two or more chronic conditions. (3) High income adults with multiple chronic conditions had higher out-of-pocket expenditures than those who had lower family income.(4) Among non-elderly adults who received medical care in 2014, those with multiple chronic conditions who were uninsured had higher mean out-of-pocket expenditures per person than those who had only public insurance.
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