This Insight on the Issues examines the role of Medicare in financing residency training for physicians-in-training at teaching hospitals. It presents information on funding, residency population, and teaching hospital numbers. It also discusses issues facing policymakers concerned about the relationship between Medicare and the physician workforce, including the role that Medicare should play in training residents, the extent to which Medicare funding should be used as a tool to shape the physician workforce, and what kinds of training Medicare should support.
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