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Health care costs, taxes, and the retirement decision: conceptual issues and illustrative simulations

Series Title(s):
Center for Retirement Research working paper
Contributor(s):
Penner, Rudolph G.
Johnson, Richard W.
Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
Publication:
Chestnut Hill, MA : Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, c2006
Language(s):
English
Format:
Text
Subject(s):
Budgets
Decision Making
Health Care Costs -- trends
Retirement -- economics
Taxes -- economics
Financing, Personal
Forecasting
Income
Models, Theoretical
Retirement -- trends
Time Factors
Humans
United States
Genre(s):
Technical Report
Abstract:
Soaring health costs are squeezing government and household budgets. Rising public costs are also likely to boost future tax burdens. This study considers how rising tax burdens and out-of-pocket health care costs will affect the timing of retirement. Conceptually, the impact of taxes depends on which particular taxes are raised. How well people anticipate future increases in taxes and health care costs, and how they react at younger ages, will crucially affect retirement impacts. If households are farseeing rational planners, higher health costs and tax burdens will likely induce more saving and harder work while young, muting effects on retirement decisions. To gauge the potential importance of rising taxes and health care costs to the retirement decision, the study compares projected retirement income for prototypical workers under two sets of assumptions about future tax and health care burdens. The results show that a moderate-income couple would have to work an additional 2.5 years under the scenario with high health care costs and tax burdens to receive as much income in the first year of retirement--net of taxes and out-of-pocket health spending--as they would receive under the low-cost scenario. The low-income couple would have to delay retirement under the high cost scenario by about 2.4 years to offset income lost from higher taxes and health costs, and the high-income couple would have to work an additional 2.8 years.
Copyright:
Reproduced with permission of the copyright holder. Further use of the material is subject to CC BY license. (More information)
Extent:
27 p.
NLM Unique ID:
101468705 (See catalog record)
Series Title(s):
Center for Retirement Research working paper
Contributor(s):
Penner, Rudolph G.
Johnson, Richard W.
Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.
Publication:
Chestnut Hill, MA : Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, c2006
Language(s):
English
Format:
Text
Subject(s):
Budgets
Decision Making
Health Care Costs -- trends
Retirement -- economics
Taxes -- economics
Financing, Personal
Forecasting
Income
Models, Theoretical
Retirement -- trends
Time Factors
Humans
United States
Genre(s):
Technical Report
Abstract:
Soaring health costs are squeezing government and household budgets. Rising public costs are also likely to boost future tax burdens. This study considers how rising tax burdens and out-of-pocket health care costs will affect the timing of retirement. Conceptually, the impact of taxes depends on which particular taxes are raised. How well people anticipate future increases in taxes and health care costs, and how they react at younger ages, will crucially affect retirement impacts. If households are farseeing rational planners, higher health costs and tax burdens will likely induce more saving and harder work while young, muting effects on retirement decisions. To gauge the potential importance of rising taxes and health care costs to the retirement decision, the study compares projected retirement income for prototypical workers under two sets of assumptions about future tax and health care burdens. The results show that a moderate-income couple would have to work an additional 2.5 years under the scenario with high health care costs and tax burdens to receive as much income in the first year of retirement--net of taxes and out-of-pocket health spending--as they would receive under the low-cost scenario. The low-income couple would have to delay retirement under the high cost scenario by about 2.4 years to offset income lost from higher taxes and health costs, and the high-income couple would have to work an additional 2.8 years.
Copyright:
Reproduced with permission of the copyright holder. Further use of the material is subject to CC BY license. (More information)
Extent:
27 p.
NLM Unique ID:
101468705 (See catalog record)