A physician is examining the eyes of an old man for signs of diabetes. Verso: A full life despite diabetes: World Health Day 7 April 1971. World Health Day marks the anniversary of the coming into force of the constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO) on 7 April 1948. The theme has been chosen to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the discovery of insulin. At the beginning of this century, diabetes mellitus was a formidable disease. Its diagnosis in a young child wa a notice of premature death. For man or women in the prime of life, it meant a complete change in the way of living, and a greatly reduced expectaion of life. 50 years ago in the later months of 1921, the persistent intrest of a young Canadian surgeon, Federick Grant Banting, in research on diabetes,was finally rewarded. Together with his younger collaborator, Charles Herbert Best, they isolated insulin and in January 1922 used it sucessfully in the treatment of patients. One of the greatest and most dramatic discoveries of modern medicine it completely transformed the outlook for the majority of sufferes from diabetes. Although this discovery appeared for a time to be the decisive cure for the disease. It was soon recongnized that there cases of diabetes which do not respond to insulin, so research was intensified into the types of the disease, its mechanisms and into insulin itself. Tracking down and treating diabetes starts with routine medical check-up (King's Hospital, London).
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World Health Organization; Source: Record; Research date: 20151014